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Traditional K9 Training.

Citizen K9 vs Police K9 Training

Military & Police K9 (Working Dog)

Sentry Dog

Scout Dog

Tracking Dog

Patrol Dog

Detector Dog

Search and Rescue Dog

Cadaver Dog

The Citizen K9

Home Protection Dog

Personal Protection Dog

Citizen K9 Scenario Examples

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Citizen K9 Training versus Police K9 Training

Good dog training always first starts out by identifying the task at hand. Even though most police k9 training involves biting sooner or later the difference is, under what circumstance should the dog be allowed to bite? To better understand this we must first separate and examine the numerous different circumstances under which police and military dogs are allowed to bite. Notice that I wrote “allowed to bite” as opposed to trained to bite. The reason for this is that no dog can be trained to bite. If a dog doesn’t naturally have it in him/her to bite then all of the training in the world won’t make it bite, unless it feels cornered and unable to flee.

Military and Police K9 (Working Dogs)

Military and police dogs are divided into a few small groups with some of those groups also being sub-divided further. Here is a basic list:

1. Sentry dog

a. Manned sentry dog

b. Unmanned sentry dog

2. Scout dog (always manned)

3. Tracking dog (always manned)

4. Patrol dog (always manned)

5. Detector dog (always manned)

6. Search and Rescue dogs (always manned)

7. Cadaver dog (always manned)

Sentry Dog: The sentry dog is basically the first to arrive on the scene of modern day military and police dogs. The sentry dog’s job is simple; to alert its handler of human intruders and to neutralize any human intruders that it may encounter. Sentry dogs are used manned and unmanned in modern military work. However the most affective way is manned foot patrol in a designated sector. This way if the dog alerts on an intruder the human counterpart can report it to the base command center. Unmanned sentry dogs encountered problems when a dog really wanted to bite and did not vocally alert for fear of scaring away its intended victim/prey. Many military installations have since switched to geese for unmanned sentry work. Geese are as mean as dogs and a  lot more vocal.

Scout Dog: The scout dog’s job is to notify it’s handler of forward enemy presence while on patrol with a small highly trained unit in potentially hostile areas. The scout dog accomplishes this by using a combination of all its acute senses. Once the enemy is located, the scout dog is then pulled back so the accompanying military personal could advance forward and neutralize the target.

Tracking Dog: This dog’s job is to locate a perpetrator or enemy personnel starting at a certain spot and following scent that has fallen off of the person onto the ground. Police and military dogs are usually rewarded with a bite upon finding the perpetrator or enemy.  This same dog like the scout dog can also be used to find friendly personnel in hostile and friendly territory however the dog is not rewarded with a bite. This practice should not be done too often because a dog will quit biting soon even when finding a bad guy.

Patrol Dog: The patrol dog’s work is a combination of duties just like the patrol officer’s but his first and foremost duty is to backup his/her partner. This dog will locate fleeing suspects, back up its partner on a traffic stop in desolate areas, scout large open areas, search buildings and retrieving suspects hiding in small or cramped areas. This dog’s job is to bite. The patrol dog can be an indiscriminant biter but the best one will only bite who they are told to bite or whoever is a threat to its partner. These dogs should be able to be called off a bite even once sent on the attack.

Detector Dog: The detector dog’s job is to locate contraband or dangerous items such as explosives and arms. Many patrol dogs are duel certified for detection work also. However once a dog has been certified for drugs it will not be cross trained for explosives and vice-versa. Detector dogs are reward trained and depending on the dog and the task the reward will vary from food to a ball.

Search and Rescue Dog: Its job is to locate lost or trapped friendly civilians who are still alive. These dogs use a variety of senses and training to include tracking and scouting. These dogs are never taught to bite and the rewards also vary from food to ball.

Cadaver Dog: This is probably the newest K9 to arrive on the scene. The cadaver dog is basically a search and rescue dog however this dog is taught to look for dead bodies as opposed to live ones. This dog owes its existence to the fact that a dog’s senses are so sharp that past search and rescue dogs often missed finding bodies because the body of a dead person smells distinctively different than the body of a live person. These dogs are also never rewarded with a bite.

The Citizen K9 (CK9)

Although many of the techniques used to train police and military dogs are used to train the Citizen K9, the Citizen K9’s mission remains distinctively different. This working dogs’ mission is to be a combination sentry dog (for guarding physical property) and patrol dog (for accompanying the owner). In CK9 however, we use the expression Home Protection and Personal Protection.

Because all dogs entering into the CK9 program will first and foremost be pets, it is important that these dogs all be basic obedience trained and Canine Good Citizen certifiable before they start training with the CK9 program. Any dog that cannot pass the good citizen training will more than like not have the control to flourish as a CK9.  The CK9 exercises are not to be considered an exercise in biting but rather an exercise in controlling the bite.

Even though it is important that the CK9 be Canine Good Citizen certifiable, it is equally important that the dog be naturally courageous and protective of his property. A courageous dog is less likely to bite out of fear.

It is not the CK9CR’s mission to train ferocious guard dogs, so teasing and excessive agitation is never used to make the dogs mean or aggressive. No dog will be allowed into the CK9 Home and Personal Protection Program if the traits of courage, aggressiveness or protectiveness are not naturally present.

Home Protection Dog: The home protection dog’s job is to act as a deterrent when in and on its owner’s property. Interviews with convicted home invaders have revealed that the mire presence of a dog will deter the home invader 90% of the time. It is for the remaining 10% that the CK9 is trained to aggressively defend its home with threat first and finally physical force if necessary. The home protection CK9 will be trained to work independently of its owner so that it will act properly in its owner’s absence. However if the owner is present or arrives on the scene after the invasion the dog is then expected to act only on its owner’s command or independently if the owner is attacked and/or incapacitated.

Personal Protection Dog: This dog’s job is to act as a body guard for all members of the immediate family. As such this dog is expected to conduct itself in the same manner as any high level personal protection professional. This dog must be able to read and evaluate situation and determine as friendly or threat. However, even if reading a situation as a threat, the CK9 must stand down at the discretion of its owner. The dog’s discretion is never to be given priority over its owner’s.

The Personal Protection Dog must be able to greet visitors at the home in a non threatening manner or be able to make friends with guest on command. The dog must then remove itself from the immediate area of the company but remain close enough to observe so that human interaction may take place comfortably. However if for any reason the guest becomes “unwanted”, the dog is then expected to escort the unwanted guest from the premises without incident if possible. If the guest becomes threatening, the dog is then expected to meet force with force and then follow the commands of its owner to escort the threat out or hold him at bay until law enforcement officials arrive.

The Personal Protection Dog must also be able to escort its owner into or on any property where the owner and dog are allowed by law and invited by the owners of the property. While away from its property the dog is expected to conduct itself in a professional and non-threatening manner so as not to impede others from enjoying the same facilities.  It is the owner’s responsibility not to take the dog into any situation where the stimuli are excessively aggressive or chaotic and the dog might perceive such stimuli as threatening.

Once dogs have reach proficiency with basic make friends, bite and release commands, all CK9 exercises will then be scenario driven, constantly changing and evolving. It is this type of imaginative training that will give all members a feeling of confidence that if needed their CK9s will be able to perform to the best of its abilities.

Scenario examples:

· Front door answering drill with stranger but no attack (dog must not attack)

· Front door answering drills with stranger attacking

· Assailant trying to force you into your home

· Assailant trying to force you into your car

· Coming home from walk with dog and finding and intruder

· Being approached by a suspicious stranger but not attacked (dog must not attack)

· Being approached and attacked by a stranger

· Letting dog out in the backyard and he finds assailant

· Letting dog out in the backyard and he finds a disoriented neighbor (dog must not attack)

· Holding an assailant in the prone position until help arrives

· Placing dog on guard only (dog must not attack)

· Calling dog off an attack before the bite (dog must not attack)

· Escorting an obnoxious house guest out (dog must not attack )